Samar Mubarakmand

Samar Mubarakmand

Dr . Mubarakmand is the architect of Pakistan’s Missile Program, which he launched in 1987 and took to completion in 2005. A pioneer of Fluid and Aerodynamics in Pakistan, Dr. Mubarakmand earned international recognition in May 1998, when he headed a team of scientists which carried out the country’s first and successful nuclear tests at Chaghai. He is responsible for establishment of Centers of Excellence in various fields. Currently he is supervising the Thar Coal Gasification Project.

Early Life

Samar Mubarakmand completed his elementary and intermediate education from Lahore. He did his matriculation from St. Anthony's High School in 1956. He received his B.Sc. in Experimental Physics in 1958 and his M.Sc. degree in experimental nuclear physics in 1962, in which he wrote his M.Sc. thesis on "Construction of a gamma-ray spectrometer",both from Government College University, Lahore. He received his Ph.D. in experimental nuclear physics from the University of Oxford in 1966 under the renowed nuclear physicist Dr. D. H. Wilkinson. In Oxford, he was part of the team that commissioned a 22 million volt atomic accelerator. He has expertise in nuclear instrumentation, nuclear diagnostics, nuclear physics, application of lasers, and fiber optics technology.


He came to public attention as the director of the team responsible for the performing the country's first and successful atomic tests (see Chagai-I and Chagai-II) in the Chagai weapon testing laboratories, located in the Balochistan Province of Pakistan. Prior to that, he was the project director of the integrated missile programme and supervised the development of first Shaheen-I missile program in 1995.

Mubarakmand was appointed the founding Chairman of Pakistan's National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM) in 2001. NESCOM is believed to be the biggest scientific organization in Pakistan today. One of his recent landmark achievements is the establishment of Centers of Excellence (COEs) in the fields of Computational Science and Medicine, Control & Instrumentation, Fluid Dynamics & Engineering Design, Hydro Technologies, Wireless communication, and Electronics and Composite Materials. These COEs are fast becoming the hub of advance scientific and medical activity in Pakistan, conducting research in areas such as stem cells, tissue culture technology, and production of cardiac stents.

Awards and honors

Dr. Nazir Ahmad Award (2007)

Nishan-e-Imtiaz (2003)

Hilal-e-Imtiaz (1998)

Sitara-e-Imtiaz (1992)

Academic Roll of Honour, Government College, Lahore (1962)

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