Hamid Gul 20 November 1936 – 15 August 2015 HI(M), SBt, was a three-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army, defence analyst, conspiracy theorist, and a former spymaster. Gul was notable for serving as the Director-General of the ISI.
Gul was also widely credited for expanding covert support to Kashmiri nationalist groups against neighbouring rival India in the disputed Kashmir region from 1989, diverting focus from the fallout of the Soviet war. Gul earned a reputation as a "Godfather" of Pakistani geostrategic policies. Following an escalation of the Kashmir militancy in India and the Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan, he was accused by the United States of having ties to shady groups.[clarification needed] However, Gul denied the allegations. Gul's tenure as the director of the ISI coincided with Benazir Bhutto's term as the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Later, Gul played a role in the establishment of the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad, a conservative political alliance formed to oppose Bhutto's Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP).
Gul was born on 20 November 1936 to Muhammad Khan in Sargodha, Punjab, British Raj (now Pakistan). He got his early education from a school in his village. He briefly got admission in Government College Lahore, before being admitted to Pakistan Military Academy Kakul. Gul's family were Pathans of Punjab and belonged to the Yusufzai tribe, who originated from Swat, later settling in Sargodha in Punjab.