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GOLD

Pakistan is a major importer of gold which satisfies its Industrial needs and more of consumption in jewelry. There are many areas in Pakistan where gold has been found. It is a fact that many of the rivers and river beds in Pakistan are sources of placer gold deposits. In northern Pakistan, placer gold deposits are recovered by gold panning...Read More

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SALT

Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite. Salt is present in vast quantities in seawater, where it is the main mineral constituent. The open ocean has about 35 grams (1.2 oz) of solids per litre, a salinity of 3.5%....Read More

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LEAD-ZINC

Lead and zinc, due to their normal close association in nature, are being dealt with together. Both these metals form important alloys having varied industrial uses. Lead is an important strategic mineral as it is used in ammunitions. Though a number of oxides, carbonates and sulphates of lead and zinc occur in nature which are being exploited for commercial extraction of lead and zinc,...Read More

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MANGANESE

Manganese ores in Balochistan are found at many localities in Lasbela, Khuzdar, Chagai and Zhob districts. The most important among these are, the deposits found in Khuzdar and Lasbela districts. The host rock of almost all the manganese deposits is the volcanic assemblage of olivine basalt and pillow lava belonging to Bela volcanic Group. The manganese minerals mainly the psilomelane...Read More

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IRON

Iron ores are used for the extraction of iron which is the most commonly exploited metallic mineral in the modern world. Iron is used for making steel and a number of other alloys.Iron, being the third most abundant element on the earth's crust, is found in a variety of geological environments. All three major classes of rocks, i.e. igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary, serve as host for the mineralization of iron ore....Read More

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COPPER

Native copper is an element and a mineral. It is found in the oxidized zones of copper deposits; in hydrothermal veins; in the cavities of basalt that have been in contact with hydrothermal solutions; and as pore fillings and replacements in conglomerates that have been in contact with hydrothermal solutions. It is rarely found in large quantities, thus it is seldom the primary target of a mining operation....Read More

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Baryte

The baryte deposits of Balochistan were discovered by the Geological Survey of Pakistan (Ahmad and Klinger, 1967). Balochistan contains very large deposits of Baryte. These deposits are located in the area between Uthal and.....Read More

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Ruby

A ruby is a pink to blood-red colored gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum (aluminium oxide). Other varieties of gem-quality corundum are called sapphires. Ruby is one of the traditional cardinal gems, together with amethyst, sapphire, emerald, and diamond. The quality of a ruby is determined by its color, cut, and clarity, which, along with carat weight, affect its value ....Read More

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